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LORD, You have been our dwelling place in all generations. Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever You had formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, You are God Psalm Edwin Orr used a memorable definition of God, which was thoroughly Biblical: God is the only infinite, eternal, and unchangeable spirit, the perfect being in whom all things begin, and continue, and end. In the beginning, God : Before the beginning, there was an eternal purpose in the heart of God Ephesians to gather together in one all things in Christ Ephesians In the beginning, God : Before the beginning, God had a specific plan to fulfill this eternal purpose, with many different aspects revealed to us:.
The mission of Jesus was foreordained before the foundation of the world: He indeed was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you 1 Peter Eternal life was promised before time began: in hope of eternal life which God, who cannot lie, promised before time began Titus The mystery of the gospel the cross was foreordained before the ages: But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, the hidden wisdom which God ordained before the ages for our glory 1 Corinthians The grace given unto us was given before the world began: who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was given to us in Christ Jesus before time began 2 Timothy Believers in Jesus Christ were chosen in Him before the foundation of the world: just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love Ephesians In the beginning, God : At some time before the beginning, God created the angels, because they witnessed the creation of the heavens and the earth Job The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep.
And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. The earth was without form, and void : Some translate the idea in this verse as the earth became without form and void. Their thinking is the earth was originally created not without form and void , but it became without form and void through the destructive work of Satan. However, this is not the plain grammatical sense of the ancient Hebrew. Most gap theory advocates use the theory to explain the fossil record, assigning old and extinct fossils to this indefinite gap. Whatever merit the gap theory may have, it cannot explain the extinction and fossilization of ancient animals.
Darkness was on the face of the deep : This may describe a sense of resistance to the moving of the Holy Spirit on the earth. The Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters : When God began to transform the earth into something beautiful and compatible with His great plan, He started with the work of the Spirit of God. The Holy Spirit begins every work of creation or re-creation. Till that time, all was formless, empty, out of order, and in confusion. In a word, it was chaos; and to make it into that thing of beauty which the world is at the present moment, even though it is a fallen world, it was needful that the movement of the Spirit of God should take place upon it.
For example, Adam was already of mature age when he was created; there was age purposefully built in. And God saw the light, that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness. God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. So the evening and the morning were the first day. Let there be light : The first step from chaos to order is to bring light. This is also the way God works in our life. Paul wrote about the light brought to us by the gospel: But even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing, whose minds the god of this age has blinded, who do not believe, lest the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine on them.
For it is the God who commanded light to shine out of darkness, who has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ 2 Corinthians Then God said : God did not have to fashion light with His hands. It was enough for God to merely speak the words, Light be!
And there was light. The Hebrew suggests this far better than our translation—it is sublimely brief. Because God created things by speaking them into existence, some have said we can operate on the same principle, speaking things into existence by faith. This is often based on a wrong understanding of Hebrews by faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God , which is taken to say, God Himself used faith in creating the world. Instead, it says it is by faith we understand God created the world.
What does God hope for? What does He not see? An omnipotent, omniscient Being certainly does not need faith. He is the object of faith as well as the source of faith Ephesians There was light : Genesis tells us that light, day, and night each existed before the sun and the moon were created on the fourth day Genesis This shows us that light is more than a physical substance; it also has a supernatural aspect. God Himself will be the light Revelation The darkness God later sent upon the Egyptians Exodus had a tangible quality to it, far beyond what we usually think of as being associated with darkness; it could be felt.
This demonstrates a certain supernatural element, which can be related to light and darkness. So the evening and the morning were the first day : Many wonder if this was a literal day in the sense we think of a day or if it was a geological age. Some say that God created the world in six days, and others say He created it in six vast geological ages. Though there is disagreement among Christians on this, the plainest and simplest meaning of the text is that He created in six days as we think of days. Does He trade in inaccuracies, however edifying?
The question hinges on the proper use of language. Reputable dictionaries… know nothing of this notion. Hebrew dictionaries are our primary source of reliable information concerning Hebrew words. And God called the firmament Heaven. So the evening and the morning were the second day. The waters of the land are separated from the water vapor in the sky.
The waters which were above the firmament : Some commentators and scientists believe that here the Bible recognizes the existence of significant water vapor in the sky. Such a vapor blanket would greatly change the ecology of the earth, and Henry Morris suggests several effects of a vapor blanket:. It would serve as a global greenhouse, maintaining an essentially uniform, pleasant temperature all over the world. Without great temperature variations, there would be no significant winds, and the water-rain cycle could not form.
There would be no rain, as we know it today. There would be lush, tropical-like vegetation all over the world, fed not by rain, but by a rich evaporation and condensation cycle, resulting in heavy dew or ground-fog. The vapor blanket would filter out ultraviolet radiation, cosmic rays, and other destructive energies bombarding the planet. These are known to be the cause of mutations, which decrease human longevity.
Human and animal lifespans would be greatly increased. A vapor blanket would provide the necessary reservoir for a potential worldwide flood. And God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters He called Seas. And God saw that it was good. And the earth brought forth grass, the herb that yields seed according to its kind, and the tree that yields fruit, whose seed is in itself according to its kind.
So the evening and the morning were the third day.
Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together : The idea is that before this, the earth was covered with water. Now the waters are gathered together into one place , and dry land appears. Let the earth bring forth grass : All this happened before the creation of the Sun the fourth day of creation, Genesis This means the plants must have had sufficient nourishment because of the light God had created before the sun and the moon in Genesis Those who propose these days of creation were not literal days, but successive ages of slow, evolutionary development have a real problem here.
It is hard to explain how plants and all vegetation could grow and thrive eons before the sun and the moon. No modern evolutionist would argue plant life is older than the sun or the moon, but this is what the Genesis record tells us. Many wonder how the sun, moon, and stars were created on the fourth day when light including day and night was created on the first day. Many have suggested the problem is solved by saying these heavenly bodies were created on the first day, but were not specifically visible, or not finally formed, until the fourth.
And it was so : This is the beginning of life on planet earth, directly created by God, not slowly evolving over millions of years. Some scientists now say life on earth began when immense meteorites carrying amino acids impacted earth at a time when the sun was cooler and the earth was a watery ball covered with ice up to 1, feet thick. In the opinion of the author, it takes more faith to believe this than to believe in Genesis.
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The fossil evidence is more consistent with the idea that life exploded into existence on earth, instead of slowly evolving. The earth brought forth grass, the herb that yields seed… and the tree that yields fruit, whose seed is in itself : The plants were created not as seeds, but as full-grown plants each bearing seeds. They were thus created as mature plants, having the appearance of age.
The chicken really did come before the egg. According to its kind : This phrase appears ten times in Genesis chapter 1.
An Introduction to Block-Based Homepages in the Genesis Framework
It means God allows variation within a kind , but something of one kind will never develop into something of another kind. And God saw that it was good : God knows what is good. He is not some vague moral neutral. He knows what is good and organizes His creation to result in something good.
God does not call the earth good until it has become habitable, a place where man can live. But certainly, not every herb is good for every purpose. Hemlock is natural, but not good. In fact, the use of drugs in this manner is nowhere approved and is always condemned in the Bible. The wrong use of drugs is often associated with sorcery and the occult. Sorcery is universally condemned in the Bible Exodus , Deuteronomy , 2 Chronicles , Revelation and In both the Old and New Testaments, the word sorcery was connected with the making and taking of drugs.
Then God made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He made the stars also. God set them in the firmament of the heavens to give light on the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. So the evening and the morning were the fourth day. Let them be for signs and seasons : God made the sun and the moon — these lights in the firmament of the heavens to be for signs and seasons.
God set them in the firmament of the heavens : God knew exactly how far to set the sun from the earth. A few million miles more or less and life as we know it would be impossible. The intricate balance of our ecosystem argues strongly for the existence of a Creator. We live in a very complex world. And this song alone makes his motion possible. Therefore, when Joshua wanted to bid the sun stand still, he had to command him to be silent.
His song of praise hushed, the sun stood still. Let them be for signs and seasons : When God set the lights in the heavens to be for signs , it probably includes what we commonly call the constellations, but was called by the ancient Hebrews the Mazzaroth Job Significantly, the sequence of the zodiac is the same in every language and culture, even if the specific names of the constellations change. Yet the names for the figures of the constellations are the same in all cultures.
This points to a common, pre-Babel beginning for all these things before the truth of the constellations was corrupted.
Luke and Acts speak of holy prophets since the world began. These prophets may be the stars themselves. Psalm and Isaiah tell us God has the stars all numbered and God has a name for them all. Psalm tells us the heavens contain a message from God.
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Because astrology is a corruption, it is to be avoided always by man Isaiah He made the stars also : With all the other stars in our universe, we often wonder if there is life on other planets. When you take into account all that is necessary for the sustenance of life, as we know it, there are few planets able to support life. Taking into account factors such as our galaxy type, star location, star age, star mass, star color, distance from stars, axis tilt, rotation period, surface gravity, tidal force, magnetic field, oxygen quantity in atmosphere, atmospheric pressure, and 20 other important factors, the probability of all 33 occurrences happening on any one planet is one in 10 to the 42nd power.
The Bible is Fiction: A Collection Of Evidence
The total number of possible planets in the universe is 10 to the 22nd power. At one time the U. It might have been wiser to spend the money cultivating intelligent life in Washington or other centers of government. Let the waters abound with an abundance of living creatures : We see the great variety of birds and sea creatures were created at the same time, not evolving slowly over millions of years. Even though plant life was created before animal life, animal life was not created out of plant life. Among the diversity of animals, many share similar structures: birds, reptiles, mammals, and so forth.
This argues at least as persuasively for a common Designer as it does for a common life source. All life did not come from the same primordial cell, but it did all come from the same Designer. According to their kind : Again, all animal life is created according to its kind. For example, structure among dogs is diverse. The teacup poodle is very different from the Great Dane, but they are both dogs.
Evolutionists often give convincing examples of microevolution , the variation of a kind within its kind, adapting to the environment. For example, the ratio of black to white peppered moths may increase when pollution makes it easier for dark moths to escape detection; or finches may develop different beaks in response to their distinctive environment.
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But the moths are still moths, and the finches are still finches. There has been no change outside of the kind. Micro evolution does not prove macro evolution. The fossil record is marked by two great principles: first, stasis , which means most species are unchanged in all their documented history. The way they look when they first appear in the fossil record is the way they look when last appearing in the fossil record. They have not changed. The Bighorn Basin in Wyoming contains a continuous record of fossil deposits for what geologists say is five million years.
Because this record is so complete, paleontologists assumed a positive trail of evolution could be found. While admiring the faith of those who believe in such hopeful monsters, it seems far more rational to believe in a wise, creating, designing God. And God made the beast of the earth according to its kind, cattle according to its kind, and everything that creeps on the earth according to its kind. Let the earth bring forth the living creature : On the fifth day of creation, God made birds and sea animals, but now God turned His creative attention towards land animals of various types.
Any Being who makes the giraffe, the platypus, and the peacock is a God of joy and humor. To a peahen, the most attractive peacocks are the ones with the biggest fans, but the big fan on the tail makes it difficult to escape a predator. Therefore, the peahen rewards the peacock with the least chance of survival. This is one example of a natural phenomenon that presents a great problem for the idea of survival of the fittest. According to its kind : Again, this important phrase is emphasized.
God allows tremendous variation within a kind , but one kind will never become another kind. Let Us make man in Our image : The repeated use of the plural Let Us… in Our image, according to Our likeness is consistent with the idea that there is One God in three Persons, what we know as the Trinity.
Leupold does a good job showing that the plurality of let Us make cannot be merely the plurality of royalty, nor can it be God speaking with and to the angels. It is an indicator of the Trinity, though not clearly spelled out. In Our image : An understanding of who man is begins with knowing we are made in the image of God. Man is different from every other order of created being because He has a created consistency with God.
This means there is an unbridgeable gap between human life and animal life. Though we are biologically similar to certain animals, we are distinct in our moral, intellectual, and spiritual capabilities. This means there is also an unbridgeable gap between human life and angelic life. Nowhere are we told the angels are made in the image of God. Angels cannot have the same kind of relationship of love and fellowship with God we can have. This means the incarnation was truly possible. God in the second Person of the Trinity could really become man because although deity and humanity are not the same, they are compatible.
In Our image : There are several specific things in man that show him to be made in the image of God. In Our image : There are at least three aspects to the idea that we are made in the image of God. This sets man apart from all animals and plants. It is on the level of spirit we communicate with God.
In Our image : This does not mean that God has a physical or human body. God is Spirit John Though God does not have a physical body, He designed man so his physical body could do many of the things God does: see, hear, smell, touch, speak, think, plan, and so forth. In Our image, according to Our likeness : The terms for image and likeness are slightly different.
Image has more to do with appearance, and likeness has more to do with an abstract similarity, but they both essentially mean the same thing here in this context. Let them have dominion : Before God ever created man, He decreed that man would have dominion over the earth. In this sense, it is sin if man does not use this dominion responsibly, in the sense of a proper regard for stewardship on this earth. So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.
Then God saw everything that He had made, and indeed it was very good. So the evening and the morning were the sixth day. So God created man in His own image : God created man according to His plan as described in Genesis The concept of man being created in the image of God is repeated to give emphasis to the idea.
We are plainly told God created man fully formed, and created him in one day, not gradually over millions of years of progressive evolution. It is said there would be at least 40 different stages of evolution required to form an eye. What possible benefit could there be for the first 39 stages? The mathematician D. Ulam argues it was highly improbable for the eye to evolve by the accumulation of small mutations because the number of mutations must be so large and the time available was not nearly long enough for them to appear.
We are comforted by the fact that evolution has occurred. Male and female He created them : This should not be construed to mean Adam was originally some type of androgynous being, being both male and female. In our day, many say there is no real difference between men and women. This makes sense if we are the result of mindless evolution, but not if it is true that male and female He created them.
To God, the differences between men and women are not accidents. Since He created them, the differences are good and meaningful. There are many arguments against the gap or ruin-restoration theory, but I will give three. First, the details of the Hebrew words and grammar in Genesis do not support the gap theory.
Both verbs are used in the Old Testament to denote creation in the absolute sense. Second, because the gap theory wants to take the six days of creation literally, it necessarily places Genesis —2 outside of the creation week. But the immediate context and subsequent scriptural allusions to Genesis 1 make clear that the initial creation of the heavens and the earth Gen. Yet Scripture itself views the first verse of Genesis 1 as narrating the beginning of the creation week.
At a surface level, they seem to be about the fall of human kings the kings of Babylon and Tyre. And is the image of Satan being cast to earth to be taken literally and physically, like the massive meteor that scientists think caused the extinction of the dinosaurs? Furthermore, there is nothing in those passages about an original creation of plants and animals, or about Satan being cast down to the earth and causing geological catastrophe, mass extinctions, death, chaos, and ruin as indicated in the fossil record.
These additional details of the theory have to be manufactured by imagination and speculation.
And once manufactured they must then be inserted into the Genesis 1 account. There are too many uncertainties surrounding Isaiah 14 and Ezekiel 28 to warrant linking them with the description of the earth given in Genesis Flawed Exegesis. The Scripture itself nowhere teaches the gap theory. The gap theory does not rest on internal exegesis of the text of Genesis 1 interpreted in the light of the subsequent Scriptures that allude to and comment on it.
Rather, it rests on postulating, presumably somewhere in Genesis , the creation of plants and animals in a primeval creation before the re-creation of the plants and animals of days 3, 5, and 6. Then it requires one to take two uncertain passages from Isaiah and Ezekiel and fit them into the white space between the first two verses of Genesis 1 without any clear biblical-theological warrant internal to the logic of.
The ruin-restoration motif is totally foreign to the Genesis creation account and is forced into that account in a manner that completely disrespects and disrupts the narrative integrity of the creation account. Geology versus Gap Theory. Ironically, the gap theory fails to accomplish its own intended goal. Take the Grand Canyon as an example. The various layers that one sees in the walls of the Grand Canyon e. Add to this the fact that in each distinct layer we find correspondingly distinct fossils that, whether viewed as the product of biological evolution or of progressive creation, clearly represent a great passage of time.
Then, more recently, the Colorado River had to cut through those sedimentary layers by another geological process called erosion. In fact, not only does the gap theory fail to satisfy the requirements of geology, it is internally incoherent. On the other hand, the gap theory claims it is trying to explain the existence of the fossils that we now see. But the fossils were not wiped away. The theory is self-refuting. What lessons can be learned with regard to hermeneutics? Clever, seemingly simple solutions such as the gap theory are almost never correct.
One must synthesize everything the Bible teaches, not just look at specific verses taken out of context. Lee Irons, Ph. David G. Hagopian; Crux Press, He maintains a website of biblical and theological studies at www. During the past forty years, radical animal rights activists have elevated the value of animals to the moral equivalency of humans.